If God were a person who could die, He could not be immutable. He could not make us promises, for He could not be sure of keeping them. Consequently, we know that since God is immutable, we can count on his promises because He does not change. He does not change because inherent to His being is the fact that He is a self-existing God who draws life from Himself.
In Ephesians 2:1, Paul wrote, “and you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins”.So, Job said that we are filthy and Paul said that we are dead. I John 3:8 tells us that we belong to the devil:“He that committeth sin is of the devil”. We can see from this that man is in desperate need of help. He is filthy, dead, and has the devil. To be spiritually dead refers to separation from God; it does not mean to be physically dead
How and why do we come to Christ? Considering the history and standpoint of Theology, the answer is not an easy one. Many answers have been provided and they deal with the Biblical doctrine of grace.
In one sense, we can speak of the gift of the Spirit as the coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. It was then that He came to do His great work, which He continues to do. When we talk about the gift of the Spirit, we refer to the moment we believed in the Lord Jesus Christ and were given the Holy Spirit.
The gamut of Christian experience is the product of the Holy Spirit, the fruit of the Spirit; all the virtues, so beautifully expressed in Christian life, are really the fruit the Spirit produces within a Christian life. You can see that even our sanctification is a product of the Spirit.
The Spirit comprises the third period. The Father planned it, the Son executed the program of redemption, and it is the Spirit who is now administrating that program.
God’s saving work does not end with our salvation from hell; this is only the beginning. In His great covenant within the Godhead, God has determined Himself, and the Son has agreed and the Spirit has agreed. He decided to send the Son to perform the work of redemption, and to send the Holy Spirit in for all whom He wished to save.
It is written in John 3:8, “…so is every one that is born of the spirit”. A person who is born-again, or regenerated, is one who is spiritually past-less; meaning that our past is wiped out and there is nothing but the future for us.
Regeneration is non-experiential. Although we notice when new-birth occurs, we do not experience it. You realize at one moment that you are dead, and the next moment that you are alive; but all you experience are the effects of it. You have joy and thanksgiving; you are enlightened; you begin to read and understand the Bible; you come to know God.
The One plants the seed and the Spirit is the agent. Jesus said, “…so is everyone who is born of the Spirit”. The Word is the instrument. God causes regeneration, performing it through the Spirit by means of the Word. He does it through His own will, as noted in the book of James.
Paul spoke to the Christians at Ephesus who came to faith in Christ. Paul stated that these Gentiles were once aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise. There is a system of theology called Covenant Theology, which recently originated in the 18th century. Some people joke that they were not made in heaven, but in Holland, for most of the Covenant Theology arose from Dutch Theology. Covenant Theology describes the theology of God on the basis of three Covenants:
The Book of Exodus portrays a lesson for us, a depiction of how Christians have gone back to Egypt when they should be in Canaan (the Promised Land), for Jesus Christ has delivered them and translated them into the Kingdom of the Promised Land, the land of rest. But many have been blinded thereby not seeing the difference. For some believe that the Promised Land is a place to which we go, only when we leave this life. However, this is so far from the truth for those who are true believers. Those who are born again into a spiritual kingdom, can make eternity begin here on earth and live right according to the Kingdom of Light, whose ruler is the God of the Bible.
Creator of the universe, beyond all limitations of time and space, who intervenes in history on behalf of a helpless group of slaves. God defeats the ruler of the greatest empire on earth, and leads his oppressed people from that land to freedom.